The proverbial roof over the head serves to protect the house and masonry from the weather. A roof has to be robust and durable so that it can permanently withstand moisture, wind and sunlight. Many different materials for roofing fulfil these tasks. Bauen.de gives an overview of roof shapes, materials and possibilities for roofing.
The shape of the roof results from the architecture and the structure of the house. With materials and the type of roofing, however, there are a variety of possibilities. In addition to taste and budget, possible specifications of the development plan and specific material properties are decisive here – because not everything that looks good is also suitable for the respective purpose or location.
Materials for the pitched roof
The pitched roof is the most widespread roof form in Germany and has the largest variety of possible materials for roofing.
Roof tiles: plain tile or pantile
Tiles are among the most popular roofing materials. As a natural product they are particularly robust and extremely durable. The most commonly used are so-called plain tiles, which owe their name to their semicircular shape, or roof tiles, which can be recognised by their characteristic wave shape.
Roof tiles are made of the natural materials clay, loam and water – always have been. Modern surface treatments allow for an enormous variety of designs. Here you can read everything worth knowing about the most popular roofing material.
Roof tiles made of concrete
Concrete roofing tiles are considered to be an inexpensive alternative to tiles. They are mainly used for pitched roofs. Although roof tiles are heavier than bricks and less weather-resistant, they score points for their wide range of colours, among other things.
Slate and other natural stones
The material slate is particularly suitable for roofing with natural stone. In addition to its visual appearance and ecological harmlessness, slate is convincing due to its enormous durability. The material also offers a great variety of creative roofing types.
The slate roof and its costs
It’s covered! A slate roof scores not only with a well-balanced cost-quality ratio, but also with different possibilities of roofing. Depending on the financial framework and creativity, there are hardly any limits for building owners.
Fibre cement boards: Cover the roof with paper
Fibre cement panels – or sandwich panels – are made of cellulose and are a cost-effective, easy-care and low-maintenance alternative to slate or natural stone panels. Due to their low weight, the fibre cement panels can be used in many different ways – also for façade cladding and roofing.
Metal roof: aluminium, copper, zinc
Metal roofs are durable and easy to maintain. Aluminium roofs are enjoying increasing popularity because of their colour variety and their weather-resistant and durable properties. Due to their low weight, they are also well suited for renovating old buildings.
Roofs covered with titanium zinc are similarly weather-resistant, but not quite as durable. Roofing with copper is also possible. Copper strips can be used as a decorative element, preferably on roof ridges or dormers.
When building a house, you should pay particular attention to a solid roof. Aluminium roofs are durable and weatherproof. Because of its low dead weight and because it is easy to work with, an aluminium roof can even be used for complicated architectural projects.
Soft roof: Nature on the roof
All roof materials mentioned so far can be assigned to the hard roof. Besides there is also the so-called soft roof. This consists of soft natural materials such as reed, straw or wood shingles, and the green roof is also a soft roofing form. Although soft roofs are optically and biologically advantageous, they require a lot of maintenance and usually require a permit. Special regulations also apply to fire protection for soft roofs.
The thatched roof characterizes the landscape especially in the north of Germany. There are a few things to consider when it comes to the roofing typical for the region.